photo of cargo containers on an ocean from above

Online Appendix for

Winners and Losers: The Psychology of Foreign Trade

 

Chapter 2

Table A2.1 Respondents’ Understanding of Their Position in the Global Economy Based on Their Job

Table A2.2 Economic Knowledge Does Not Account for Education’s Impact on Trade Support

Table A2.3 Effects of the Perceived Influence of Trade on Home Country and Trading Partner Countries on Trade Policy Support

 

Chapter 3

Figure A3.1. Favorability toward Negotiating More Free Trade Agreements, by Party, October 2007-October 2016

Figure A3.2. Perception That Trade Helps versus Hurts the US Economy, by Party

Figure A3.3: Support for China as Opportunity versus Threat, by Party, October 2016-March 2020

Table A3.1 Effect of Party-in-Power on Change in Trade Support, Four Wave Panel, October 2016June 2019

Table A3.2 Effect of Party-in-Power on Change in Trade Support, Controlling for Perceptions of Change in the National Economy, Four Wave Panel, October 2016June 2019

Table A3.3 Effects of Party-in-Power on Change in Trade Support, Controlling for Perceptions of Change in the National Economy and Change in Trust in Government, Four Wave Panel, October 2016June 2019

Table A3.4 Effect of Party-in-Power on Change in Trade Support, Three Wave Panel, 200820122014

Table A3.5 Effect of Party-in-Power on Change in Trade Support, Controlling for Change in Perceptions of National Economy, Three Wave Panel, 200820122014

Table A3.6 Tests of Presidential Opinion Leadership on Trade: Change in Support for Trade by Party, Voting Intentions, and Trump Support, 20162020

Table A3.7 Tests of Presidential Opinion Leadership on China: Change in Support for China by Party, Voting Intentions, and Trump Support, 20162020

Table A3.8 Test of Candidate Opinion Leadership on Trade: Change in Republican Support for Trade by Primary Candidate Preference, January 2016October 2016

Table A3.9. What Predicts Individual-level Increases in Trade Support from 2016 to 2020?

 

Chapter 4

Figure A4.1 Full Factorial Experimental Design for US Trade Experiment

Figure A4.2 Men Support Trade More than Women, Strictly When the US Gains and The Trading Partner Loses

Figure A4.3 Men Value Gaining More Jobs than the Trading Partner Gains, Whereas Women Value Mutual Benefits

 

Chapter 5

Figure A5.1 Spillover Effects of Individual Country Similarity Treatments Based on Manipulation Checks

 

Chapter 6

Figure A6.1 Support for Trade among Non-Whites and Whites

Figure A6.2 Support for Outsourcing by Whites and Non-Whites

Table A6.1 Trade Support by Race of Assumed Major Trading Partners, Combined Sample and by Race

 

Chapter 7

Table A7.1 Ingroup Favoritism: Trade Support by Who Wins versus Loses

Table A7.2 Social Dominance Orientation Exacerbates Ingroup Favoritism

Table A7.3 Zero-Sum Perceptions Exacerbate Ingroup Favoritism

Table A7.4 Outgroup Indifference: Trade Support by Whether the Trading Partner Also Wins

Table A7.5 Social Dominance Orientation Exacerbates Outgroup Indifference

Table A7.6 Zero-Sum Perceptions Exacerbate Outgroup Indifference

Table A7.7 Predictors of Support for International Trade, by Country

 

Chapter 8

Table A8.1 Effects of the Tone of Newspaper and Television Coverage of Trade on Perceptions of Trade’s Impact on the Nation

Table A8.2 Effects of Change in Exposure to Unemployment News on Change in Perceived Effects of Trade on the U.S. Economy

 

Chapter 9

Table A9.1 Results for Pilot Experiment Using Mechanical Turk Sample

Table A9.2 Effects of Job Loss Due to Trade versus Automation

Table A9.3 Effects of Automation and Trade Attributions Relative to Control Condition, by College Education

 

Chapter 10

Table A10.1 Trade Policy Attitudes as Predicted by Perceived Effects of Trade on Family, on Local Community, and on Nation as a Whole

 

Chapter 11

Table A11.1 Relative Thermometer Advantage of Republican Over Democratic Candidate, 20122016, Fixed Effects Analysis of Change in Independent Variable on Change in Relative Thermometer Advantage (R-D)

Table A11.2 Effects of Issue Opinion Change and Candidate Position Changes on Support for Trump, Among Less and More Sophisticated Voters on Easy and Hard Issues, 20122016

 

Chapter 12

Figure A12.1. Sample Student Profile for Experiment on the Effects of China-Bashing Advertisements on College Admissions Decisions

 

Chapter 13

Figure A13.1 A Consensus Across Political Parties on the Extent to Which Trade Benefits International Relationships

Table A13.1 Relationship Between Perceived Impact of Trade on International Relationships and on Job Availability as Predictors of Trade Policy Support